But Why Does It Work

Author: Susan Jo Russell
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 032508114X
Size: 18.34 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 77

If you ask students, "Why does that work?" do they know what you're asking and do you know what to listen for in their responses? Do you have images of what mathematical argument looks like in the elementary grades and how to help students learn to engage in this important practice? Do you have so much content to cover that finding time for this kind of work is difficult? But Why Does It Work? offers a simple, efficient teaching model focused on mathematical argument for developing the ability of students to justify their thinking and engage with the reasoning of others. Designed for individuals as well as study groups, this book includes access to classroom-ready instructional sequences, each built on a model supporting students in: noticing relationships across sets of problems, equations, or expressions articulating a claim about what they notice investigating their claim through representations such as manipulatives, diagrams, or story contexts using their representations to demonstrate why a claim must be true or not extending their thinking from one operation to another. Establishing a classroom culture where students gain confidence in their own mathematical voice and learn to value the contributions of their peers is a critical part of this work. The authors tell us, "If the idea underlying a student's reasoning is not made explicit, the opportunity for all students to engage in such thinking is lost." As students become a true community of mathematicians, they heighten each other's understanding by investigating questions, conjectures, and examples together. Enhanced with extensive video showing the instructional sequences in action-along with guiding focus questions and math investigations-But Why Does It Work? is a flexible approach that will help students confidently articulate and defend their reasoning, and share their deep thinking with others.

Proving In The Elementary Mathematics Classroom

Author: Andreas J. Stylianides
Publisher: Oxford University Press
ISBN: 9780198723066
Size: 14.72 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 50

Although proving is core to mathematics as a sense-making activity, it currently has a marginal place in elementary classrooms internationally. Blending research with practical perspectives, this book addresses what it would take to elevate the place of proving at elementary school. The book uses classroom episodes from two countries to examine different kinds of proving tasks and the proving activity they can generate in the elementary classroom. It examines further the role of teachers in mediating the relationship between proving tasks and proving activity, including major mathematical and pedagogical issues that arise for teachers as they implement each kind of proving task. In addition to its contribution to research knowledge, the book has important implications for teaching, curricular resources, and teacher education.

Teachers Professional Development And The Elementary Mathematics Classroom

Author: Sophia Cohen
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 9781135632267
Size: 15.29 MB
Format: PDF
View: 40

This book illustrates the experiences of elementary school teachers across one year's time as they participated in a teacher development seminar focused on mathematics, and as a result changed their beliefs, their knowledge, and their practices. It explores these experiences as a means of understanding the learning that takes a teacher from a more traditional teaching practice to one that is focused on the ideas and understandings that students and teachers have of the subject matter. The work emerges from and reports on a unique data set from a two-year study of teacher learning that was funded by the Spencer and MacArthur foundations. The teachers, whose work is at the center of this study, were participants in the Developing Mathematical Ideas seminar (DMI), a mathematics teacher development seminar for elementary school teachers. This seminar is one example of intensive, domain-specific professional development. In this seminar teachers study elementary mathematics content to deepen their own understanding of it, they study the development among children of the ideas central to elementary mathematics, and they experience a teaching and learning environment consistent with the pedagogy envisioned by the National Council for Teachers of Mathematics' Principles and Standards for School Mathematics. The seminar is a nationally available teacher development curriculum, thus interested educators can gain access to the resources necessary to offer similar seminars in their own communities. Teachers' Professional Development and the Elementary Mathematics Classroom: Bringing Understandings to Light will be widely interesting to a broad audience, including mathematics teacher educators, teacher education researchers, policymakers, and classroom teachers. It will serve well as a text in a range of graduate courses dealing with teacher cognition/knowledge for teaching, mathematics methods, psychology of learning, and pedagogical theory.

The Mathematics Enthusiast Issue

Author: Bharath Sriraman
Publisher: IAP
ISBN: 9781681236346
Size: 19.95 MB
Format: PDF, Mobi
View: 57

The Mathematics Enthusiast (TME) is an eclectic internationally circulated peer reviewed journal which focuses on mathematics content, mathematics education research, innovation, interdisciplinary issues and pedagogy. The journal exists as an independent entity. It is published on a print-on-demand basis by Information Age Publishing and the electronic version is hosted by the Department of Mathematical Sciences- University of Montana. The journal is not affiliated to nor subsidized by any professional organizations but supports PMENA [Psychology of Mathematics Education- North America] through special issues on various research topics. Indexing Information: Australian Education Index; EBSCO Products (Academic Search Complete); EDNA; Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ); Psyc-INFO (the APA Index); MathDI/MathEDUC (FiZ Karlsruhe); Journals in Higher Education (JIHE); SCOPUS; Ulrich's Periodicals Directory; Emerging Sources Citation Index (Thompson Reuters)

Best Practices For Elementary Classrooms

Author: Randi Stone
Publisher: Skyhorse Publishing, Inc.
ISBN: 9781632209597
Size: 13.54 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 19

There is no better way to learn the craft of teaching than by watching an expert teacher at work. In this sequel to Randi Stone's Best Classroom Practices, nationally recognized, award-winning elementary teachers showcase selected practices from their classroom repertoire to share with their colleagues. Learn what it takes to build a productive, engaged community of learners from some of the nation's best teachers in their own words. This inspirational, one-stop guide covers everything from classroom management to teaching reading, writing, math, science, social studies, music, art, technology, and physical education. You will find: - Detailed, successful teaching strategies with lists of relevant standards and materials needed - Innovative activities, projects, lesson plans, and units of study for every content area - Classroom strategies across the curriculum, including ideas for involving parents and ways to make inclusion work Best Practices for Elementary Classrooms provides a wide array of excellent lessons to choose from, road-tested by your award-winning colleagues.

Connecting Arithmetic To Algebra

Author: Susan Jo Russell
Publisher: Heinemann Educational Books
ISBN: 0325041911
Size: 20.48 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
View: 98

"To truly engage in mathematics is to become curious and intrigued about regularities and patterns, then describe and explain them. A focus on the behavior of the operations allows students starting in the familiar territory of number and computation to progress to true engagement in the discipline of mathematics." -Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable Algebra readiness: it's a topic of concern that seems to pervade every school district. How can we better prepare elementary students for algebra? More importantly, how can we help all children, not just those who excel in math, become ready for later instruction? The answer lies not in additional content, but in developing a way of thinking about the mathematics that underlies both arithmetic and algebra. Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra invites readers to learn about a crucial component of algebraic thinking: investigating the behavior of the operations. Nationally-known math educators Susan Jo Russell, Deborah Schifter, and Virginia Bastable and a group of collaborating teachers describe how elementary teachers can shape their instruction so that students learn to: *notice and describe consistencies across problems *articulate generalizations about the behavior of the operations *develop mathematical arguments based on representations to explain why such generalizations are or are not true. Through such work, students become familiar with properties and general rules that underlie computational strategies-including those that form the basis of strategies used in algebra-strengthening their understanding of grade-level content and at the same time preparing them for future studies. Each chapter is illustrated by lively episodes drawn from the classrooms of collaborating teachers in a wide range of settings. These provide examples of posing problems, engaging students in productive discussion, using representations to develop mathematical arguments, and supporting both students with a wide range of learning profiles. PLCs and book-study groups! Save $47.25 when you purchase 15 copies with the Book Study Bundle. Staff Developers: Available online, the Course Facilitator's Guide provides math leaders with tools and resources for implementing a Connecting Arithmetic to Algebra workshop or preservice course. For information on the PD course offered through Mount Holyoke College, download the flyer.