Paleopathology In Perspective

Author: Elizabeth Weiss
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield
ISBN: 9780759124042
Size: 18.80 MB
Format: PDF, ePub
View: 39

Our bones can reveal fascinating information about how we have lived, from the food we have eaten to our levels of activity and the infections and injuries we have suffered. Elizabeth Weiss introduces readers to how lifestyle—in complex interaction with biology, genes, and environment—affects health in this distinctive tour of human osteology, past and present. Centering on health issues that have arisen in the last fifty to sixty years rather than thousands of years ago, Paleopathology in Perspective is organized around particular bone traits such as growth patterns, back pains, infections, and oral health. Each chapter explains one category of traits and reviews data drawn from both ancient and more contemporary populations to explore how global trait trends have changed over time. Weiss also considers the likely causes of these changes—for example, the growth of obesity, increased longevity, and greater intensity of childhood sports. Taking a long view of bones, as Weiss clearly demonstrates, provides clues not just about how ancient humans once lived, but also how biology and behavior, lifestyle and health, remain intrinsically linked.

Reading The Bones

Author: Elizabeth Weiss
Publisher:
ISBN: 0813054982
Size: 12.20 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 68

In this textbook designed for upper level physical anthropology/forensic anthropology courses, Weiss explains the complex relationship between biology and activity. While activity markers sometimes show aspects of lifestyle, social change, and daily prehistoric life, this text will help future researchers to be more critical of their social reconstructions by using the same comparisons of biology versus environment that are found in social anthropology courses.

A Companion To Paleopathology

Author: Anne L. Grauer
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 9781119111634
Size: 13.81 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 97

This title offers a broad overview of the field that has evolved over the last few decades into an exploration of disease processes in the human skeleton.

Evolving Health

Author: Noel T. Boaz
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
ISBN: 0471212997
Size: 15.46 MB
Format: PDF, ePub, Docs
View: 98

Human illnesses can be understood as damage to those adaptations that we took on at various stages in our evolution from pre-life molecules to modern Homo sapiens. Preventing these illnesses entails avoiding what causes the damage-- which too frequently are the everyday hazards of twenty-first-century life, as the chart below shows: Level of Evolution Cause of adaptive failure resulting disease or problem Pre-life Environmental poisons Certain birth defects Single cell (bacteria and amoeba-like) Viral infection Colds/flu/HIV Morula (sponge-like) Cellular stress Cancer Chordate Physical stress Back pain Fish Excess dietary salt Hypertension/heart disease Amphibian Tobacco smoke Lung cancer/emphysema Lower primate Excess dietary sugar Diabetes mellitus Higher primate Vitamin C deficiency Scurvy Ape Excess dietary protein Gout Homo sapiens Reduced dietary variety Nutritionaldiseases/food allergies

The Bioarchaeology Of Metabolic Bone Disease

Author: Megan Brickley
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 0080557910
Size: 10.25 MB
Format: PDF
View: 47

The Bioarchaeology of Metabolic Bone Disease provides a comprehensive and invaluable source of information on this important group of diseases. It is an essential guide for those engaged in either basic recording or in-depth research on human remains from archaeological sites. The range of potential tools for investigating metabolic diseases of bone are far greater than for many other conditions, and building on clinical investigations, this book will consider gross, surface features visible using microscopic examination, histological and radiological features of bone, that can be used to help investigate metabolic bone diseases. Clear photographs and line drawings illustrate gross, histological and radiological features associated with each of the conditions Covers a range of issues pertinent to the study of metabolic bone disease in archaeological skeletal material, including the problems that frequent co-existence of these conditions in individuals living in the past raises, the preservation of human bone and the impact this has on the ability to suggest a diagnosis of a condition Includes a range of conditions that can lead to osteopenia and osteoporosis, including previous investigations of these conditions in archaeological bone

Paleopathology Of Children

Author: Mary Lewis
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 9780124104396
Size: 14.48 MB
Format: PDF, Docs
View: 39

Palaeopathology of Children: Identification of Pathological Conditions in the Human Skeletal Remains of Non-Adults provides archaeological examples of pathological child remains with varying degrees of disease manifestation, and where possible, presents illustrations of individually affected bones to help with identification. The structure and inclusion of photographs and summary diagnostic tables make this suitable for use as a textbook. Each chapter includes a table of international archaeological cases collated by the author from published and unpublished literature. Child skeletal remains come in a variety of different sizes, with bones appearing and fusing at different times during growth. Identifying pathology in such unfamiliar bones can be a challenge, and we often rely on photographs of clinical radiographs or intact anatomical specimens to try and interpret the lesions we see in archaeological material. These are usually the most extreme examples of the disease, and do not account for the wide degree of variation we may see in skeletal remains. Provides a comprehensive review of the types of pathological conditions identified in non-adult skeletal remains Contains chapters that tackle a particular disease classification Features for each condition are described and illustrated to aid in the identification